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Cores da Luftwaffe WWII...

Durante a Segunda Guerra, o RLM (ReichLuftfahrtMinisteriun) padronizou as cores de todos os aviões usados pela Alemanha. Esse padrão é conhecido comumente pela própria sigla RLM. Esses padrões especificavam quais deveriam as cores dos aviões e como deveriam ser camuflados, de acordo com sua função. Naturalmente, essas especificações mudaram com o clima, locais e funções em que os aviões atuavam.

Após o início da campanha da Rússia, sentiu-se a necessidade de identificar mais facilmente os aviões, para distinguir entre amigos e inimigos. A partir de então, os aviões alemães passaram a usar faixas e listras coloridas, principalmente amarela (RLM 04), vermelha (RLM 05), verde e branca. Essas faixas dependiam do local onde a aeronave atuava, pois se fazia necessário um contraste com o terreno e ao mesmo tempo, que todos os aviões amigos tivessem o mesmo padrão.

Os trens de pouso, cockpits e outras partes metálicas expostas costumavam ficar no primer natural (RLM 02) ou então pintados com RLM66 (Veja no link de cada avião para saber o correto).

Abaixo alguns profiles de aviões:

  • Bombardeiros: (RLM 65, 70, 71): Ju-88, He-111, Ar-234
  • Caças diurnos: RLM 75, 74, 82: Fw-190, Bf-109
  • Caças e Bombardeiros Noturnos: (RLM 75,76) (RLM 66,75,76): He-219, Bf-109, Ar-209, Ju-88, Ju-188, He-177
  • Reconhecimento:
  • Patrulha Marítima: (RLM 65,72,73): Fw-200 (1) Fw-200 (2)
  • Transporte:
  • Deserto/África: RLM 78, 79a, 79b: Hs-129

OBS: As primeiras referências sobre RLM identificavam a RLM83 (Licht/HellGrün e DunkelGrün como RLM 82. Pesquisas mais recentes e novos documentos (desconhecidos na época) mostraram que esses códigos estavam invertidos. É preciso tomar um certo cuidado, pois alguns fabricantes ainda usam essa invertida na fabricação e numeração de suas tintas.

Cod. Nome
RLM01
RLM02
RLM04
RLM05
RLM09
RLM21
RLM22
RLM23
RLM24
RLM25
RLM26
RLM27
RLM28
RLM41
RLM61
RLM62
RLM63
RLM65
Silber
Grau
Gelb
Elfenbein
GelbGrun
Weiss
Schwarz
Rot
Dunkelblau
Hellgrun
Braun
Gelb
Weinrot
Lichtgrau
Dunkelbraun
Grun
Hellgrau
Hellgrau
Cod. Nome
RLM66
RLM70
RLM71
RLM72
RLM73
RLM74
RLM75
RLM76
RLM77
RLM78
RLM79a
RLM79b
RLM80
RLM81
RLM82
RLM83
RLM84
RLM99
Schwarzgrau
Schwarzgrun
Dunkelgrun
Dunkelseegrau
Seegrau
Dunkelgrau
Grauviolett
Hellgrau
Lichtgrau
Azurblau
Sandgelb
Sandbraun
Olivgrun
Braunviolett
Dunkelgrun
Hellgrun
Graugrun
GelbGrun
Tradução
Azur:
Braum:
Dunkel:
Elfenbein:
Gelb:
Grau:
Grun:
Hell:
Licht:
Oliv:
Rot:
Sand:
Schwarz:
See:
Silber:
Violett:
Wein:
Weiss:
Celeste
Marrom
Escuro
Marfim
Amarelo
Cinza
Verde
Claro
Luz/luminoso
Oliva
Vermelho
Areia
Preto
Mar/Água
Prata
Roxo
Vinho
Branco

Esta é uma lista alfabética de todos os códigos conhecidos. Este tipo de marcação era usada em todas as unidades de ataque ar-ar e algumas de ataque ao solo, e algumas unidades de caça pesado. Este código é sempre alfanumérico, e aparece à esquerda da insígnia nacional.


Fi 156 C-3/trop do 14º Grupo de Reconhecimento (5F)

Código Unidade (em inglês, por conta da fidelidade)
A1+ KG 53 (53. Bomber Wing)
A2+ I./ZG 52, (I./52nd Heavy Fighter Wing, from 6.7.1940 onwards: II./ZG 2 (II./2nd Heavy Fighter Wing), Flugbereitschaft Kd.Gen.d.dt.L in Finnland (HQ German Airforce Finland)
A3+ KG 200 (200 Special Duties Wing), Versuchskdo. 200 (200 Trials Unit), Versuchskdo. 36 (36 Trial Unit)
A4+ with squadron letter .A - Luftbeobachterstaffel - 3rd fighter division, spring / summer 1944
A5+ 1./St.G.1 (I./1st Dive Bomber Wing), SG 1 (1st Assault Wing) 
A6+ Aufkl.Gr.120 (120 Reconnaissance Group)
A8+ with the letters .H+.K seen on a He 111 in february 1942 at Grosetto (arial torpedo trials)
B1+ Transport Squadron of I. Air Corps (occasionally also called Transport Squadron "Don")
B3+ KG 54 (54 Bomber Wing)
B4+ Night Fighter Squadron Finland
B7+ Westa 1 (1rd Metrological Squadron)
C1+ Test Centre Peenemünde (Me 163) 
C2+ Aufkl. Gr.41 (41st Reconaissance Group)
C3+ Transport Squadron II. Air Corps
C5+ Westa 26 (26th Metrological Squadron)/Lfl.6 with Squadron Letter . H 
C6+ KGr.z.b.V.600 (600 Special Duties Battle Group), Tr.FI.St.4 (4th Transport Squadron)
C8+ I.+II./KG.z.b.V.323, TG 5 (I.+II./323 Special Duties Battle Group - 5 Transport Wing)
C9+ NJG 5 (5th Night Fighter Wing) also NJ 100 (100th Night Fighter Wing)
D1+ SAGr.126 (126 Maritime Reconnaissance Wing), LD.Kdo.65 (65th Courier Detachment)
D3+ 2nd Night Harassment Group
D5+ NJG 3 (3rd Night Fighter Wing), frequently also with the code L1+
D7+ Wekusta 5 (5th Metrological Squadron; from April 1943 onwards in connection with the code letter "N", previously 1B+ with the squadron letter "H")
D9+ Night Fighter Squadron Norway, temporarily I./NJG 7 
E1 - E7+ Test Centre Rechlin (for Me 163 and Ar 234) 
E8+ 1./FKG 50 
F1+ KG 76 (76th Bomber Wing), I./St.G. 76 (I./76th Dive Bomber Wing; using the letter C,M,N,P of the II. Group as those of the I. Group had already been allocated to the I./KG 76 and, from 6.7.1940 onwards, to the III./St.G. 77)
F2+ Erg.(F)Gr. (Long-range Reconaissance Replacment-Group)
F3+ Aufkl.Gr.12 (12th Reconaissance Group)
F5+ NAG 5 (5th Short-range Reconaissance Wing)
F6+ Aufkl. Gr.122 (122th Reconaissance Group)
F7+ I./LLG 2 (I./2nd Glider Assault Wing), SAGr. 130 (130 Maritime Reconaissance Wing; frequently also with the code 6I+) 
F8+ KG 40 (40 Bomber Wing), Transport Squadron "Condor" 
G1+ KG 55 (55 Bomber Wing)
G2+ Aufkl.Gr.124 (124th Reconaissance Group)
G3+ NJG 101 (101st Night Fighter Wing)
G5+ Transport Squadron V. Air Corps
G6+ KGrzbV.2; 101, 102, 103, 104+105 (2nd, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th+105th Special Duties Battle Group), TG 4 (4th Transport Group), 1st Air Transport Group (Maritime)
G8+ Transport Squadron IV. Air Corps
G9+ NJG 1 (1st Night Fighter Wing), ZG 1 (1st Heavy Fighter Wing; initial formation), NJG 4 (4th Night Fighter Wing; only for a short period of time)
H1+ Aufkl. Gr.12 (12th Reconaissance Group)
H4+ LLG 1 (1st Glider Assault Wing)
H7+ St.G.3 (3rd Dive Bomber Wing), SG 3 (3rd Assault Wing)
H8+ Aufkl. Gr.33 (33rd Reconaissance Group)
H9+ 7th Air Transport Squadron (Maritime)
J2+ NAG 3 (3rd Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
J4+ 5th and 290th Air Transport Squadron
J6+ KGr.z.b.V 500 (500 Special Duties Battle Group)
J9+ StG 5 (5th Dive Bomber Wing), SG 5 (5th Assault Wing) (previously l./186fh Dive Bomber Wing, carrier-based, from 6.7.1940 onward III. /Dive Bomber Wing 1)
K1+ Messenger Squadron of Ob.d.L. (High Command of Luftwaffe)
K6+ Kü.fl.Gr.406 (406th Coastal Aviation Group) KG 6 (6th Bomber Wing).
K7+ Aufkl.Gr.Nacht (Night Reconnaisance Group)
K9+ Aufkl.Gr.B.d.L. (Reconnaisance Group High Command Luftwaffe) (also T5+)
L1+ I./NJG 3(l./3rd Night Fighter Wing), I. u. IV. (Z)/LG 1 I./IV. (Heavy Fighter)/1st Instruction Wing, also I./5th Dive Bomber Wing
(former IV./1st Dive Bomber Instruction Wing)
L2+ LG 2 (2nd Instruction Wing)
L5+ KGr.z.b.V.5 (5 Special Duties Battle Group), 7./Erg. Transportgeschwader (7./Transport Training Replacement Wing)
L7+ seen with +AB-AF on Fi 156, Me 108 and Me 110 
M2+ Kü.fl. Gr.106 (106th Coastal Aviation Group)
M3+ seen on a Ju 52/3m (unit ?) 
M7+ Kü.fl. G r.806 (806th Coastal Aviation Group)
M8+ ZG 76 (76th Heavy Fighter Wing - first activation)
N1+ High Capacity Transport Squadron from 30.1.1945 onward
N3+ I./KGr.z.b.V.172 (I./172nd Special Duties Battle Group also 4V+) 
N6+ Unit Major Babekuhl 
N7+ seen on a Do 18 (unit ?) 
N9+ Flugbereitschaft Norwegen (Air Service Norway)
P1+ KGr.60 (60th Battle Group)
P2+ Aufkl. Gr.21 (21st Reconnaissance Group)
P4+ Führungskette X. Fliegerkorps (Staff Flight X. Air Corps), Transportstaffel Fliegerführer Nord (Ost) (Transport Squadron Air Commander North (East)
P5+ Sonderstaffel Trans-Ozean (Special Squadron Transocean), KGr.zbV. 108 (108th Special Duties Battle Group), Kdo. d. Transportfl. Chef See-Norwegen (Command of Chief. Maritim Transport Norway)
Q5+ Westa 27 (27th Metrological Squadron)from October 1943 on, previously 5M+ together with Westa 26 (26th Metrological Squadron)/Lfl. 2 as an Squadron in Southern Greece 
R4+ 2 Night Fighter Wing
S1+ St.G. 3 (3 Dive Bomber Wing (also S7+)
S2+ St.G. 77, SG 77 (77 Dive Bomber Wing) (77 Assault Wing)
S3+ KGr.z.b.V.5, Transportgruppe 30 (5th Special Duty Battle Group, 30th Transport Group)
S4+ Kü.fl.Gr.506 (506th Coastal Aviation Group)
S7+ St.G.3, SG 3 (3 Dive Bomber Wing, 3 Assault Wing)
S9+ Erp.Gr.210, (at first 210th Testing Group until April 1941, then 210th Special Battle Group and from 1942 on Heavy Fighter Wing 1 together with 2N+)
T1+ Aufkl. Gr.10 (10th Reconnaissance Group)
T3+ 1./Bordfliegerstaffel 196 (1./Shipboard Squadron 196)
T5+ Aufkl.St.Ob.d.L (Reconnaissance Squadron Commander-in-Chief Luftwaffe) 3.(Einsatz) Ob.d.L. (3rd Operational Squadron Commander-in-Chief Luftwaffe), Aufkl.Gr.100 (100th Reconnaissance Squadron), mit letztem Buchstaben U = Wekusta Ob.d.L. (with last letter U = Meteorological
Squadron Commander-in-Chief Luftwaffe)
T6+ St.G.2 (2 Dive Bomber Wing), SG 2 (2 Assault Wing) mit letztem Buchstaben Z = St. Erg. St. des VIII FI.Korps (with Z as last letter = Dive Bomber Replacement Training Squadron of VIII. Air Corps).
T9+ Experimental unit (Transport) High Command Luftwaffe, II./Experimental Unit Commander-in Chief Luftwaffe = Circus Rosarious, several special commandos
U2+ Nachtrotte bei der NAG 5 (Night-Flight of 5 Short Range Reconnaissance Wing)
U5+ KG 2 (2 Bomber Wing)
U8+ I./ZG 26 (Erstaufstellung) (I./26 Heavy Fighter Winq (Initial Activation)
U9+ NSG 3 (3 Night Assault Wing)
V1+ Transportstaffel VIII. Fliegerkorps (Transport Squadron VIII. Air Corps)
V3+ seen on a Ju 88 with the Squadron letters L+K in Cognac (France)
V4+ KG 1 (1 Bomber Wing)
V7+ Aufkl.Gr.32 (32nd Reconnaissance Group; during the war they partially used an own code: the squadron number was immediately right of the Balkenkreuz, followed by the letter indicating the aircraft within the squadron, e.g. V7+2G was aircraft "G" within the squadron).
W1-W3+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider)
W5+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider) 
W7+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider), NJG 100 (100 Night Fighter Wing)
W8-W9+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider)
X4+ Air Transport Group (Maritime) 222, later also SAGr. 129 (129th Maritime Reconnaissance Group) 
X8+ Flugbereitschaft RLM Staaken (Aviation Ministry's Air Service Staaken)
Z4+ Transport Squadron of III. Air Corps
Z5+ seen on a Do 17 (unit unknown) 
Z6+ KG 66 (66th Bomber Wing)
1B+ 13.(Z)/JG 5/13. ( )/5th Fighter Wing (only in connection with "X" as the final code letter), 5th Metrological Air Squadron (only in connection with "H" as the final letter)
1G+ KG 27 (27th Bomber Wing)
1H+ KG 26 (26th Bomber Wing)
1K+ NSGr.4 (4th Night Harassment Group)
1L+ seen on a Me 110, Ju 88 and He 219 with the squadron letters L+K at Test Centre Werneuchen. 
1R+ Courier Squadron in Finland (perhaps Courier Squadron AOK Lapland?)
1T+ KG 28 (28th Bomber Wing), KGr. 126 (126th Bomber Group)
1Z+ KGrzbV. 1 (1st Special Duties Battle Group), TG 1 Savoia Staffel (1st Transport Wing Savoia-Squadron), III./KGrzbV. 1 (III./1st Special Duties Battle Group)
2B+ 2. Fliegerschuldivision (2nd Air Training Division)
2F+ until March 1940: KG 54 (54th Bomber Wing), 5./KG 28 (5./28th Bomber Wing)
2H+ 210th Trial Unit
2J+ ZG 1 (1st Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming)
2N+ ZG 76 (76th Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming), Originally II./ZG 1, from July 1940 onwards III./ZG 76)
2P+ X. Flying Division
2S+ I./ZG 2 (l./2nd Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming)
2Z+ NJG 6 (6th Night Fighter Wing - from August 1943 onwards)
3C+ NJG 4 (4th Night Fighter Wing), NJG 6 (1-7.1943) 
3E+ KG 6 (6th Bomber Wing)
3J+ NJG 3 (3rd Night Fighter Wing) also labelled D5+
3K+ Luftwaffe Mine Searching Group
3M+ ZG 2 (2nd Heavy Fighter Wing, initial formation)
3U+ ZG 26 (26th Heavy Fighter Wing; initial formation. Also used onferry aircraft by the 6th Fighter Wing from August 1944 onwards)
3W+ NSG 11 (11th Night Harassment Wing)
3X+ II./KG 1 (II./1st Bomber Wing; originally until 18. 9. 1939 I./KG 152 (I./152nd Bomber Wing)
3Z+ KG 77 (77th Bomber Wing: perhaps temporarily also called KG 153 (153rd Bomber Wing)
4A+ IV./ZG 26 (after the dissolution of ZG 26: IV/26th Heavy Fighter Wing in Norway, early August 1944
4B+ Westa 3 (3rd Metrological Squadron)
4D+ KG 30 (30th Bomber Wing), I./KG 25 (l./25th Bomber Wing)
4E+ Aufkl.Gr. 13 (13th Reconnaissance Group: later: 15th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
4F+ KGr.z.b.V. 400 (400th Special Duties Battle Group)
4M+ Erg.Z.Gr. (Replacement Group), later I./152nd Assault Wing)
4N+ Aufkl.Gr. 22 (22nd Reconnaissance Group), Westa 3 with Squadron letter "H" 
4Q+ Liaison Squadron of 7th Flying Division
4R+ 7./NJG 2 (7./2nd Night Fighter Wing) in spring 1944 the code for this unit was changed from R4 to 4R
4T+ Westa 51 (51st Metrological Squadron) with Squadron letter "H"
4U+ Aufkl. Gr.123 (123rd Reconnaissance Group)
4V+ KGr.z.b.V. 9+106 (9th+106th Special Duties Battle Group), l./KGr.z.b. V. 172 (172nd Special Duties Battle Group), KGr.z.b. V. Neapel (Special Duties Battle Group Naples), TG 3 (3rd Transport Squadron), TG 4 (in April 1945: 4th
Transport Squadron)
5B+ 10th Night Harassment Wing (i.e. the renamed II./ 1st Glider Assault Wing as from September 1944)
5D+ Aufkl. Gr.31 (31st Reconnaissance Group)
5F+ Aufkl. Gr.14 (14th Reconnaissance Wing; later also called 14th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
5J+ KG 4 (4th Bomber Wing)
5K+ KG 3 (3rd Bomber Wing)
5M+ Westa 26 (26th Metrological Squadron) Lfl. 2, Westa 26 Squadron southern Greece, renamed on 10.6.43 to Westa 27. No Squadron letter were painted on the aircrafts. 
5T+ KSG 1 (1st; from 1. 2. 1943 onwards: KG 101 101st Bomber Wing)
5W+ Maritime Transport Group
5Z+ Wekusta 26 (26th Metrological Squadron) with the squadron letter A + H. 
6A+ NAG 12 (12th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
6G+ St.G. 51 (51st Dive Bomber Wing), the original designation lll./St.G. 51 was still kept after reforming to 11./St.G. 1 on 6.7.1940
6H+ Aircraft Replacement Group (Maritime) Kamp
6I+ Kü.FI.Gr.706 (706th Coastal Reconnaissance Group), KGr.z.b.V 108 (108th Special Duties Battle Group), TG 20 (20th Transport Wing), SAGr. 130 (130th Maritime Reconnaissance Wing)
6K+ Aufkl.Gr. 23 (23rd Reconnaissance Group)
6M+ Coastal Squadron Krim, 11th Reconnaissance Group, plus several machines of the 8th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing at the end of the war
6N+ KG 100 (100 Bomber Wing) aicrafts with the squadron letter "R" were assigned to the 17th test- and instructional unit)
6Q+ Replacement Squadron St.G.2 as 6Q+C. with letters in ascending order. Probably SG 151
6R+ SAGr. 127 (127th Maritime Reconnaissance Wing)
6U+ ZG 1 (1st Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming)
6W+ SAGr. 128 (128th Maritime Reconnaissance Group), Bordfliegergruppe 128 (128th Shipborne Wing)
6Z+ Transport Group Herzog 1945
7A+ Aufkl.Gr. 121 (121st Reconnaissance Wing)
7J+ NJG 102 (102nd Night Fighter Wing)
7R+ SAGr. 125 (125th Maritime Reconnaissance Group)
7T+ Kü.fl.Gr.606 (606th Coastal Reconnaissance Group), KGr. 606 (606th Bomber Group)
7U+ KGr.z.b.V. 108 (108th Special Duties Battle Group)
7V+ KGr.z.b.V. 700 (700th Special Duties Battle Group)
8A+ 1st Air Transport Group (Maritime)
8I+ 3./(H) Pz. NAG 16 (3./(AC) Anti-tank Squadron, NAG 16 (16th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing))
8L+ Kü.FI.Gr. 906 (906th Coastal Reconnaissance Group), SAGr.131 (131th Maritime Reconnaissance Wing)
8Q+ Transportgruppe 10, 10th Transport Group, seen on SM 82 (Squadron Unit
unknown)
8T+ KGr.z.b.V. 800, sp├Ąter TG 2 (800th Special Duties Battle Group, later renamed 2nd Transport Wing)
8U+ Stab Transportfliegerführer 2 (HQ AOC "Transportfliegerführer 2")
8V+ NJG 200 (200th Night Fighter Wing)
9G+ Ju 52 Formation 
9K+ KG 51 (51st Bomber Wing)
9N+ Seen on Fi 156 + Me110 (Unit unknown)
9P+ KGr.z.b.V. 9, 40, 50, 60, Frankfurt+Wittstock (9th, 40th, 50th, 60th Special Duties Battle Group, Frankfurt+Wittstock)
9V+ FAG 5 (5th Long-range Reconnaissance Wing)
9W+ NJG 101 (101st Night Fighter Wing)

Texto:
Tabela:Wolfram Bradac

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